Oral Health

Dental Care for Diabetic Patient

Nov 26 • 2 minute read

It doesn’t matter whether you have Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes. Greater dental care compared to those without diabetes is very much necessary. If you are wondering why, it is mainly because of your blood sugar level.

Poorly managed blood sugar levels result in white blood cell issues. White blood cells fight against bacteria to protect the body. Without the aid of these cells, there are higher risks of dental and gum problems. Because of diabetes, a person may experience certain conditions like dry mouth.

This can cause tooth decay, ulcers or other issues if not taken care of. In a diabetic patient, blood vessels are thicker, resulting in slower transfer of waste products and nutrients to and from cells. This further weakens the power of the cells to fight against bacteria. So if you didn’t follow proper dental care, there might be risks of gum diseases like gingivitis or even periodontitis.

When food remnants aren’t properly removed, there are chances of plaque forming. If this plaque is not removed, it turns to tartar. And if tartar is left than just like that, gingivitis forms. Gingivitis refers to the condition of bleeding and swollen gums.

Left untreated, gingivitis worsens to periodontitis, which damages bones and soft tissues that sustain the teeth. As a result, teeth become loose and finally fall out. Another concern about not following proper dental care is in terms of tooth decay. If starchy food is not removed through proper brushing or flossing, bacteria act on this food and forms plaque.

The acid in plaque works on the tooth’s enamel causing a cavity. When this cavity is not filled properly, tooth decay eventually happens. So what can you do to prevent dental issues due to your diabetic problem? To start with, find a soft toothbrush and toothpaste which has fluoride.

Then practice brushing at least two times every day. The best practice is to brush your teeth after each meal. Flossing your teeth is also important to remove whatever food remnants that may have stuck under the gum line or in between your teeth. If you have problems maneuvering the floss, then get a floss holder.

Some people may have problems brushing their teeth properly with a toothbrush because of shaky hands. If you face the same problem, just get hold of an electric toothbrush. Most importantly, make it a point to visit a qualified dentist regularly. Considering how vulnerable diabetic patients are in comparison to those who have regular blood sugar levels, oral hygiene experts advise a dental visit of every three to four months instead of six months.

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